In the first 5 years of life we learn to see. At
first, your child's visual development is incredibly fast; within
a week after birth your baby will able to see your smile.
At about 6 weeks your baby will be able to see objects up close.
Those objects will be seen in high contrast colors only, such as
black, white and red, and by 4 months both eyes should be working
As months go by, your child's visual acuity improves. By six months
of age, your child's visual acuity should be much sharper, with
more accurate and better eye movement.
By the age of nine to twelve months, babies should be using their
eyes and hands together.
By two years of age, a child's eye-hand coordination and depth perception
should be well developed. More complex task such as colour vision
will also slowly develop.
During the preschool years from ages 3 to 6, your child will be
fine-tuning the vision and visual skills he already has developed
during the infant and toddler years.
For example, many preschoolers are learning to ride tricycles and
master the complex eye-hand coordination needed to pedal, steer
and watch where they're going at the same time.
Older preschoolers are learning how to integrate vision and body
motions (motor skills) by playing sports such as softball (keep
your eye on the ball!), and working on the fine motor skills needed
to write their names.
Amblyopia (also called "Lazy Eye") is the most common
eye problem for children under 5 years old. It is a condition when
an unfocused eye "turns off" and becomes amblyopic. The
eyes can look normal but one eye has poor vision. Leaving untreated
The school years are a very important time in every child's life.
Good vision is a key. Reading, writing, chalkboard work, and using
computers are among the visual tasks students perform daily. Refractive
errors are the most common cause of vision problems among school-age
children. There are 3 common types of refractive errors which are
myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism.
Read more about
errors in children